The attitude towards abortion has been and still is a controversy subject till this very day. Despite the court rulings and decisions that has taken place over the past couple of decades, many people, women in particular, feel as if they should have a say on what to do with their bodies and on the other hand, many feel or view abortion as a crime, a wrong doing, and immoral act because they are killing an innocent life. Abortion should not be an option the number option nor the only option to terminating a pregnancy. For there are many alternatives other than abortion and abortion can be very damaging for the woman mentally, physically, and should be considered as immoral.
When it comes to abortion, the pros of abortion may seem like it outweighs the cons of it in their personal life. For instance, many abortions involve low medical risk. If the abortion is completely legal at wherever the procedure is being taken place, the procedure is much safer with less medical risk where as if someone were to do it at a place where abortion is illegal.
Abortion can be an option for women who ae facing life-threatening conditions. For example, the baby may have deformations that can affect the baby life and may put the mother at risk as well. Some of these deformations are malformations of one or more vital organs that will cause death of the fetus immediately after the birth, severe handicap, and chromosomal abnormalities in a baby acquired from parents suffering from hemophilia, idiocy, a severe form schizophrenia. The mother may also experience contracted pelvis, with fibrosis of vaginal tissues, diabetes mellitus, severe chronic disease of the cornea, and etc.
Getting a legal abortion is way more safe than getting an abortion done illegally. The risk of complication rates for a legal abortion are smaller as to illegal abortion. According to the National Abortion Foundation, the overall abortion complication rate is 0.06 percent and Easy access to legal termination of pregnancy reduces a woman’s risk for severe to maternal complications or death seen in the past from illegal abortion procedures.
Looking back in into how society was back then and today, you can see that there have been a lot of changes that have been made over the years and one those changes are abortion. For example, the court ruling of Roe V. Wade case back in 1973, gave women control of their bodies, a sense of independence, and ability to determine their future. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor wrote in the 1992 decision in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, “The ability of women to participate equally in the economic and social life of the Nation has been facilitated by their ability to control their reproductive lives.” Also Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote in her dissenting opinion in Gonzales v. Carhart “a woman’s autonomy to determine her life’s course, and thus to enjoy equal citizenship stature.”
Abortion can be helpful for accidental or unplanned pregnancies. Let’s take a look at a 14-year-old who was raped. That 14-year-old does not have the mental stability and the maturity to be a mother. Same goes for any women who becomes pregnant and feels like they are not ready to handle the responsibility of a child.
When a woman gets an abortion, they are putting their mental and physical health at risk. The emotional and mental effects of abortion can range from mid regret to something more serious as depression. The potential emotional side effects of abortion can include regret, anger, guilt, shame, sense of loneliness, insomnia, eating disorders, and anxiety.
Also a patient can and may experience possible complications after performing an abortion. For example, a woman may experience retained tissue. This is when the thickened lining of the uterus is never completely removed during a surgical abortion, and cause hemorrhaging, infection, or both. Although the likelihood of this event is less than one in one thousand cases, sometimes an abortion does not succeed in terminating the pregnancy. Another complication that can happen during or after the procedure, is that sometimes the cervix may tear during the procedure and blood clots may fill the uterus leading to severe cramping. One of the most common risk of getting an abortion is breast cancer. There are many other risk that is linked to abortions that women and the government needs to be aware of before performing this procedure and doing any legal process to it.
Although abortion is less expensive than having to raise a child to adulthood, the medical procedure is not cheap as well and the pricing can vary from state to state. According glamour.com, the cost to do a surgical abortion can cost up to $1,500 for an abortion in the first trimester. In the second trimester, the medical standard for abortion care is a surgical abortion procedure called dilation and evacuation, or D & E and it cost up to $3,000. To do the procedure through medication can average out to $300 and $800. Also there are some insurance companies cover elective abortion if your abortion is performed by a physician who is in network with the insurance company. So if a woman is going to do an abortion and her insurance does not cover it or if the doctor is not in network with her insurance she will have to pay out of pocket to perform this procedure. According to lovetoknow.com, sixty percent of the women in a study delayed an abortion because of difficulty paying for the procedure.
For many people, abortion goes against their religious beliefs. According to health guidance for better health, a baby is often considered as a God’s gift, and it’s also believed that every living being has a purpose behind his/her birth. According to unplanned pregnancy, there are women who want to get an abortion, but feel torn because of their religious and moral beliefs view abortion a something immoral. Therefore, they may feel like they are going against God or deny their baby the right to live by choosing abortion.
Finding a clinic or health facility to perform a safe abortion can be a hassle. When finding a facility, women may get harassment from groups like the National Right to Life Committee, the Pro-Life Action League, and others. These kind of action can be very physically and emotionally difficult for these women who is trying to gain access to these resources.
Based on the 2014 Women’s Health Issue journal stated that 84 percent of abortion clinics in United States were picketed or harassed through phone calls and other anti-abortion activities. Also many states have increased their restrictions on abortion and make it very challenging for women to access abortion services. According to a Guttmacher study, in 2014 at least 30 states in United States had severe regulations and restrictions that make it harder for women to get an abortion. Some of these regulations include limitation on when in pregnancy an abortion is allowed, the use of Medicaid funds to pay for an abortion, use of private insurance coverage, a wait of 24 hours between abortion counseling and an abortion procedure, and parental involvement was needed at some level of the abortion decision for a teen.
There are options people can consider before following through with abortions. The most effective way is not having sex at all until you feel like you are ready, or have protected sex. Another option, is to put the child up for adoption. This can help couples who are facing infertility problems and decided to adopt a child. Also parents can place the baby in a temporary guardianship and even co-parenting with the baby’s father. There are so much that more alternatives that makes abortion an unnecessary option.
In conclusion, abortion should be illegal, for it is wrong and immoral. It should not be an option for women to look into when decided to terminating a pregnancy. There are a lot of damages that can be potentially damage the woman’s body and mental health.