According to the dictionary, the definition of imperialism is “policy or ideology of extending a nation’s rule over foreign nations, often by military force or by gaining political and economic control of other areas.” New imperialism is defined in historical contexts as “characterizing a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The period featured an unprecedented pursuit of overseas territorial acquisitions.” In addition, old imperialism refers to the “colonialism prevalent in the sixteenth century when powers like Great Britain, France, Spain, etc. began expanding their empires through war and conquest.” The United States of America became involved in this imperialism because of economic, exploratory, ethnocentric, political, and religious motives.
Economic imperialism is when one us of a has a load of monetary power or have an effect on over different countries. It typically takes place when a young, budding country financially manipulates a poorer than itself country. The “mother country”, (the controlling nation) takes all the assets and wealth away from the territory for its personal profit. This can go on in many different ways, such as: loaning money, establishing factories, and investing in the economy. The less lucky nation is now compelled to follow the legal guidelines and methods of the mother nation in order to survive efficiently.
A great example would be Britain’s connections with India. Sometimes, economic imperialism would end up leading to slave labor, which was thought to be encouraged by the people of other lands, even though they were considered to be of “little worth”. In spite of this, European and American powers grew to be prosperous and became even more powerful; the British took gain of all the wealth and riches of China for way longer than a few centuries.
This was too close to enslavement for comfort. India, being a colonial territory of the British for almost two hundred years, was once exploited and in turn, made Britain rich beyond belief. Other European and American powers did the same did all over Asia to every Asian country, and, unsurprisingly, the colonized countries suffered. Imperial governments searched for ways to make larger earning sums. Economic expansion required lower priced labor, access to markets for the sale or purchase of products and herbal sources such as precious metals and land, or manage of them. After the Industrial Revolution, dependent colonies typically supplied to European factories and markets the materials they wanted to manufacture products.
Imperial retailers frequently set up buying and selling posts and warehouses, created transportation infrastructure, and acquired control over the Suez Canal in Egypt, which allowed boats to reduce thousands of miles of tour time between Asia and Europe. Imperial powers frequently competed with each over for the resources, markets, and trade. One of the most famous examples of American imperialism in this age was once Hawaii’s annexation in 1898, which allowed the United States to take possession and manage of all ports, buildings, ports, army gear and public property formally owned by means of the Hawaiian Islands government.
England was called out for starting the industrial revolution in the eighteenth century, because it was the only place that witnessed the industrial age for the first time. The foundation of European capitalist economic system had been established, officially, and it was based on production and exchange of the products. In the 19th century, political, non secular and racial dominance used to be created by way of imperialism thru monetary dominance. Secondly, when it comes to exploratory imperialism, imperial international locations or their residents desired to discover territory their unknowns. Sometimes they did this for the cause of medical or scientific research.
At different times, they did it for the experience of journey or adrenaline. The imperial explorers craved to discover, map and declare territory, partly for countrywide and personal glory and partly to serve their countries. They were determined to fill the empty map sections, they wanted to explore cultures, and they wanted natural resources. They had a strong desire to explore ‘unknown’ or uncharted territory, to conduct scientific research, to conduct medical searches for the causes and treatments of disease, to go on an adventure.
Thirdly, the belief that one’s own country/culture or way of living is superior to another country/culture or way of living is known as ethnocentrism. Imperial nations sometimes believed that their cultural values or beliefs were very superior to other nations or countries and territories. Imperial conquest, they believed, would bring successful culture to far less inferior people. In the late 1900s, for example, European powers preached the racist belief that the inferior races should be destroyed in order to help “civilize” them. It’s a matter of national pride, dignity, and security. Empires sought after territory to make sure they had access for their militaries around the world. The idea that the empire must be defended expanded and political motives were often triggered as responses to threats to the security of the imperial power.
Lastly, religious imperialism doesn’t always involve the intense force of military or police enforcement. Book banning and censorship are often forms of religious imperialism. Similarly profanity laws and the requirement of a belief in a god in order to serve in public office can also be seen as forms of religious imperialism. Another instance of spiritual imperialism is the insistence via some Christians that American students ought to be taught creationism as an alternative to evolution. Quoting Guy Harrison, in his book 50 Popular Beliefs that People Think are True:
“Creationism is most often defined as the religious belief that the Judeo-Christian god created the universe, Earth, and all life as described in the Genesis story.”
During imperial expansion, non-secular people occasionally set out to convert new contributors of their religion and, thus, their empire. Christian missionaries from Europe, for example, mounted churches in conquered territories all throughout the nineteenth century. In doing so, they also spread Western cultural values. Typically, missionaries spread the imperial nation’s language with instructional and religious interactions, although some missionaries helped to maintain indigenous languages. British missionaries led the cost to end the slave alternate in the nineteenth century, while others, such as French missionaries in Vietnam at some point during the time period, wished for their United States of America to take over a nation.