The Great Gatsby is one of the most impressive novels of all time. This novel is written by the famous author: F. Scott Fitzgerald in 1923. The readers can not describe how meaningful this novel is. The Great Gatsby is a story told by Nick Carraway, who is Gatsby’s neighbor. This famous novel is made into a movie which is released in 2013 by Bar Luhrmann. Most of setting and plot are taken from the novel. Although the movie and the novel are absolutely similar in remarkable events such as the party, death, and funeral scene, the movie has many differences from the book to depict effectively the messages that Fitzgerald was trying to show the readers. Some of the three major differences between the movie and the novel are the party description, Gatsby’s death depiction, and Gatsby’s funeral scene.
The Gatsby’s parties in the novel and the movie are depicted with magnificence and luxurious. The movie shows many things at the party as they are portrayed in the novel. Crates of fresh oranges and lemons, Gatsby’s swimming pool, royal cars, liquors, bright lights, the crowd, the bustling atmosphere, and celebrities in the entertainment industry are clearly described in the novel and the movie. In both, the parties are large, but the party in the novel seems classical, and it actually is the 1920’s style. “ By a seven o’clock the orchestra has arrived, no thin five piece affair, but a whole pitful or oboes and trombones and saxophones and viols and cornets and piccolos, and low and high drums.” ( Pg. 40) These musical instruments are commonly used in 1920’ s. On the other hand, in the movie, the parties are more modern than the party in the novel. The atmosphere seems bustier than the atmosphere in the novel because the rap and the pop music are played during the party. Furthermore, the movie demonstrates modern dance. Actually, the splendor and luxury of the extravagant parties are shown more clearly in the movie of Bar Luhrmann.
Gatsby spends most of his life to get Daisy’s attention and chase for her love. These extravagant and luxurious parties are celebrated for getting Daisy’s attention. He spends his money just to get Daisy’s love. Actually, he will do everything to achieve his goal which is to reunite with Daisy. With Gatsby, Daisy is the most valuable treasures in his life. When Daisy drives and kills Myrtle, Gatsby is even willing to sacrifice himself for Daisy by taking all the responsibility and blame. That’s the reason why Wilson – Myrtle’s husband thinks Gatsby is the one who kills his wife. Gatsby then is shot by Wilson. Gatsby’s death is portrayed sadly in both the novel and in the movie. In both, Gatsby is waiting for Daisy’s call and decides to go swim. However, there are few differences between the movie and the novel’s scene. In the novel, the author writes, “Gatsby shouldered the mattress and started for the pool…he must have looked up at an unfamiliar sky through frightening leaves and shivered as he found what a grotesque thing a rose is and how raw the sunlight was upon the scarcely created grass. The Chauffeur… heard the shots.”( Pg. 161) Gatsby is shot by Wilson – Myrtle’s Husband – while he is floating in the water, lying on an air mattress in the pool, looking up in the sky. Of course, plan to run away with Daisy is always in his head.
Gatsby’s death scene in the movie is actually different from Gatsby’s death scene in the novel. In the movie, Gatsby is in swimwear, and he is still waiting for Daisy’s call. He dives into the pool and swims. After hearing the phone ring, he is climbing out of the pool. He looks at the phones, smiles, and thinks Daisy is calling him for the plan running away with him. Moreover, he also thinks he almost achieves his goals: run away and stay with Daisy forever. Unfortunately, when he gets out of the pool, Wilson carries a gun and shoots Gatsby from behind. Although this shot is surprised and hurt, Gatsby still has a smile on his face. Honestly, no words can describe how Gatsby loves Daisy because when he gets shot, he still whispers “Daisy” to himself before falling backward into the pool, and dead. He always thinks about Daisy. Furthermore, “ Daisy” word is always important to him, and her name always appears in his mind and occupies his heart.
Gatsby’s death is not only a sad ending but also represents the ugly side of the American Dream. Gatsby does everything include the illegal things to get money, attention, reputation to serve for his own purpose and desire which is Daisy’s attention and love. He spends most of his life to love Daisy and what does Gatsby receive? The answer is nothing and maybe the only thing he receives is the loneliness at his funeral. The Gatsby’s funeral also represents the decline of the American Dream. His funeral is clearly described in the novel and the movie. In both the movie and the novel, his funeral is a situation that nobody wants it to happen. It is so upset and alone.
The novel and the movie both describes Gatsby’s funeral as a disappointing and sad scene. In both, the funeral is portrayed in the sad atmosphere. Nick, Gatsby’s old sport and best friend tries to call everyone in the town to announce about Gatsby’s death. Especially, he tries to call Gatsby’s close friends who he expects to attend Gatsby’s funeral. However, nobody actually cares about his funeral. They are just willing to attend his parties, but when he passes away, no one wants to attend his funeral. Daisy, the one who Gatsby loves and sacrifices his life, is also out of town and leaves him alone in his funeral with no messages. She runs away for goods with her husband. Meyer Wolfshiem, Gatsby best friend in his work, also does not show up with a good reason even though they have a really close working relationship. All he has in his funeral is the emptiness, loneliness, and quietness as Nick Carraway sadly says, “ Nobody came.” ( Pg. 174) In the novel, fortunately, his funeral still has the presence of his dad (Henry C. Gatz), Owl eyes, a few servants, the minister, and Nick. They still respect Gatsby and care about him.
Otherwise, Gatsby’s funeral in the movie is depicted without any attendance except Nick. This scene in the movie is sadder than the novel. He is alone in his mansion and lying on the coffin. In the movie, there is only Nick goes to his funeral but not a single one of many people who attended and enjoyed Gatsby’s parties spend their little time to attend his funeral. Those people just use his wealth drowning in wasted parties. This makes Gatsby’s funeral becomes more miserable. His funeral scene completely contrasts to his extravagant parties scene. There is only the loneliness and emptiness in his funeral instead of the bustling atmosphere, the loud laughing, the melodious music. He has no real friends accept Nick.
In conclusion, the party description, Gatsby’s death scene, and Gatsby’s funeral scene are described so differently in both versions to touch the audience’s heart. There are still similarities in the novel and the movie. However, the differences between the two versions help the readers understand more about Gatsby’s lonely life, and emphasize the decline of the American dream. It represents the ugly side of the American Dream as it is proven by Gatsby. He always pursues his dream to become a wealthy and luxurious man just to serve his own desire and personal purpose. Although he gives his love for Daisy, she doesn’t attend his funeral and goes away with her family. The audiences are sympathetic for Gatsby who celebrates all luxurious parties, and spends most of his life for loving Daisy and sacrificing for his love, and the loneliness is all he receives from that. Both versions of the Great Gatsby give one valuable life lessons showing that money can’t buy love and real friendship as the American Dream is eventually unattainable.
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